The Library of Navarre organized 507 activities throughout 2017, 44% more than the previous year

The Library of Navarra organized a total of 507 activities throughout 2017, 44% more than the previous year, besides the loan service of books and other documents. Likewise, 1,319 people were registered as new users with the Public Library System of Navarra card and a total of 264,254 visits were reached.

The activities organized included storytelling, exhibitions, conferences, workshops and workshops, as well as 36 guided visits, more than double that of 2016; and 191 sessions of 16 reading clubs made up of 268 members. Also, 28 publications were published, including news bulletins and resource guides on specific topics, the Government of Navarre said in a statement.

In this section of activities of promotion and animation, last year consolidated cycles that were launched in 2016 as ‘The Ochomiles of universal literature’ or the Day of the Writers, are some of them.

On the other hand, in collaboration with the libraries 

the Comarca of Pamplona, ​​the collaborative experience started in 2017 to bring the culture and environment of Latin American countries, taking advantage of the architecture biennial on Latin America, was repeated. In the case of the Library of Navarre, it focused on Colombia with the organization of an exhibition and the publication of a resource guide with documents on this country.

He also highlighted a joint activity with the ONCE in June to spread the Braille system especially among the youngest ones; the cycle ‘Ancestral Voices’, which was attended, among others, by writers Juan Pedro Aparicio and José María Merino; and the celebration of the Day of the Book with the poet Eloy Sánchez Rosillo.

The celebration of the Day of the Library, on October 24, was marked by several activities, of which we can mention a special act carried out by the School of Dance of Navarra that danced in different corners of the library and a poetic recital accompanied by tasting of wines. All these activities served as the basis for editing promotional videos around public libraries in Navarra.

The most important activity of 2017 was the exhibition to mark the centenary of Gloria Fuertes, organized by the Fernán Gómez Cultural Center in Madrid and the Gloria Fuertes Foundation, and around which different shows, centers of interest and guided tours were organized. .

In the Navarra Library, during 2017, 1,319 people were registered as new users with the Public Libraries System of Navarra card: 499 women, 435 men, 195 girls and 190 children. The total number of visitors was 264,254.

As for the loan, 99,340 documents were processed at home and 1,585 collective loans were processed, managed with different institutions, associations, agencies, etc.

In this section, it is worth mentioning that since November, the new Interlibrary Loan Service has been implemented among all public libraries of the Public Libraries System of Navarra. Thus, during 2017, 617 loans were processed through this channel (559 within the Network itself and 58 with libraries outside the Navarra libraries network).

Another service offered by the Library of Navarre consists of the provision of computers for public use for all people with a library card. During 2017, 9,333 people made use of these computers, with a total of 31,766 accesses.



Other outstanding actions of the Library of Navarra throughout 2017 refer to those derived from the Legal Deposit Office and filmographic heritage.

Of the first, it should be noted that it received a total of 2,939 requests last year, which represents an increase of more than 53% compared to 2012, year of entry into force of the new legal deposit legislation that caused the modification of the responsible party of the publication from the printer to the editor.

On the contrary, the registration of new publishers has decreased, which means that entities, institutions, public or private associations in Navarra may lose the heritage they publish. To avoid this, the Legal Deposit Office recommends following a simple online procedure that “ensures the conservation and dissemination of your funds so that any citizen can consult them in the future.”

The office of DL de Navarra also collaborates in the Web Archive, a project under development between the National Library of Spain and the Autonomous Communities, whose objective is to collect web content in order to preserve documentary heritage on the Internet and ensure access to it In this sense, it is desirable to have the participation of all citizens in the construction and development of the Web Archive in Navarra, collaboration that can be done through the email or by calling (848425680 or 848425683) .

Specifically, in 2017, the DL office in Navarra selected 952 web contents related to Navarra and of diverse topics. Your query is restricted access and is made in the Library of Navarre through two specific teams.



The Bibliographic Heritage, Filmographic and Legal Deposit Bureau, created at the beginning of 2016, developed several actions throughout 2017, including the acceptance of deposits and digitization of cinematographic materials.

Thus, last year 15 agreements of deposit of images in 16mm, 35mm or Super 8mm were adopted; and the digital copies corresponding to 10 deposits were delivered. In addition to the materials deposited by individuals, other images of patrimonial interest belonging to the Government of Navarre were digitized; specifically, three films of 16mm and another in 35mm. The Pamplona headquarters of the Central Library of Capuchins of Spain was also advised in relation to a series of films filmed in 8mm.

Likewise, a total of 17 inquiries and requests from people and entities related to the cinema and the audiovisual sector were handled; 9 agreements were signed for the use of images kept in the Library and Film Library of Navarre; and two 35mm films of interest for Navarra were acquired. A documentary about San Francisco Javier filmed in the 50s of the 20th century by Portuguese director Ricardo Malhiero and a 35mm copy of a feature film by Luis Cortés from Navarra.

Any inquiry about filmographic heritage can be done through the email of the Library of Navarra or by calling the Bureau’s telephone number, 848 42 77 82, from 08.30 to 15.00.

Expert believes that the "insumisión" of Catalonia will delay the new financing

Expert believes that the "insumisión" of Catalonia will delay the new financing

The expert appointed by Madrid for the commission to reform the regional financing model, Jorge Onrubia, believes that the current political scenario of “insubordination and disloyalty” of the Generalitat de Catalunya can delay any agreement on the new system, “under unjustified excuses.”

In an interview with Efe, the also professor of Public Finance of the Complutense University considers it “unacceptable” to give a “preferential treatment” to Catalonia with a bilateral negotiation and if it happens, he says, it would be an “error of enormous magnitude”.

However, Onrubia trusts that a government “responsible, sensible and committed” to the values ​​of the Constitution does not condition the new system “because of this anomalous situation”.

the report prepared by the 20 experts appointed by

the Government and the autonomous communities, except Catalonia that declined to participate, is reviewed by the Permanent Technical Committee for the Assessment of the Treasury, which should be able to outline a political agreement with the technicians and even the advice of the experts.

For Onrubia, the report has paved an important part of the political negotiation so, if the discussion is addressed in a “constructive way”, there could be enough time to reach an agreement and that the bill was drafted in October , which would allow to address the parliamentary process in the remainder of the year.

Onrubia says to be aware of “the difficult political geometry” of the current Parliament but also ensures that there are “incentives” in the autonomous communities to reach that agreement.

“Social demands on fundamental public services, which voters identify with the work of regional governments, would force them to promote an agreement that would provide them with greater resources,” he adds.

This expert in financing also refers to the “fragmentation” of regional parliaments and the “strategic complexity” that they face, “which does not facilitate the definition of positions within each community.”

However, despite this complex political scenario, Onrubia is optimistic and identifies incentives for a reasonable agreement to be reached, although it warns that it should not occur “at any price”.

In this sense, he points out that the resulting model should respect the lines of the report of the commission of experts “and not repeat the bad experience of 2009” which, he recalls, was approved by all the communities, which did not take a year “to criticize him unambiguously. “

For Onrubia and given that “money does not fall from the trees,” maintaining the status quo clause (which prevents some communities from receiving fewer resources in absolute terms than the previous year) “is only explained by political patronage.”

“It is absurd to maintain that clause, since it means asking the State to cover the financing

"It is absurd to maintain that clause, since it means asking the State to cover the financing

improvements of the communities harmed by the previous system without, thereby, preventing those who benefited from losing the privilege of additional funds,” he explains.

And on these funds and specifically on the Autonomic Liquidity Fund (FLA), Onrubia believes that “as soon as possible we must abandon these mechanisms of financial facilities, which have become a substitution of ordinary financing, with high disincentives to efficiency in spending “.

In his opinion, this withdrawal of extraordinary financing must be done in an appropriate manner, applying measures of individualized financial support “to prevent any financial strangulation in any community.”

Onrubia clarifies that this does not imply any restructuring of the debt that results in the total or partial cancellation of financial liabilities or interest.

And warns that the take away always end up causing “serious problems of moral hazard, which induce fiscal indiscipline,” in addition to causing “comparative grievances” for communities that have made greater efforts to cleanup to meet the objectives of consolidation.


Investing In Gold As An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

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Gold ETF has a lengthy history, but its introduction made way for the launch associated with other investments that are connected with it. These include the GBS- Gold Bullion Securities, the particular SPDR Gold Trust as well as the New Gold Issuer. They are all sponsored by the Entire world Gold Council which runs the prices and control of availability of this precious commodity. The particular Gold ETF are exchanged in a majority of the share markets in many countries which include New York, Paris, and Mumbai.

These days just about all banks and Gold retailers sell gold coins which are 99. 99% pure and are accredited by Standard Agencies such as Hallmark. Hence the problem associated with searching pure gold is nearly a thing of the past. Aside from these coins are available in really small denominations like 2 general motors, 5 gm, 10gm, 25gm, etc. So anyone with a small budget could invest in Coins. Though these coins not to have the making charges, however, while selling them they are purchased at a discounted price. Therefore though unlike jewelry, there is absolutely no loss of making charges which usually but then one still do stay away from 100% value of his Precious metal at the time of selling.

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It’s important to keep in mind that having shares in this type of exchange-traded item does not give the owner a claim to actual physical gold. When one makes a decision to offer his or her shares, the seller is made up through cash money reflective of the current market or asking price of those shares. As also the most laid-back financier is well aware, gold has received a great deal of focus lately as a result of basic economic worries as well as market volatility. No matter one’s personal opinions as to whether gold is just a product like any other or a type of “audio cash” as explained by several, investing in ETF gold can be a quite straightforward means of hedging against market moves and/or profiting from the upward or downward moves in the cost of gold. In regards to disadvantages, Gold ETFs do clearly bring a degree of risk like any other investment. While there may be a chance to realize a benefit from this method of investing, there is constantly the opportunity to have very genuine losses. Another simple fact that some customers of ETF gold do not cherish is that people never ever actually own physical gold when they purchase shares of a Gold ETF. This might run counter to some spend strategies and also assumptions and also must be recognized from the beginning. Investing in Gold ETF funds has the potential to produce special tax considerations depending on exactly how funds are invested and also shares are retrieved. It behooves anyone that is interested in ETF gold to get in touch with a trusted economic expert prior to getting or offering and of the different gold funds as we can see here from Seeking Alpha’s Gold ETF Holdings:

Prior to entering way too much information pertaining to the specifics of just how Gold ETF Finances work, some basic background info is in order. Gold ETFs or Exchange Traded Finances are developed essentially like another commodity-based fund, during that they are meant to track the performance of the commodity they are connected with or based on, in this situation gold. While the specific make-up of specific ETF gold funds could differ, the procedure is such that a primary financier or market get involved, collaborating with the fund manager, tackles creating exactly what is known as development systems of the fund. Production systems are essentially huge great deals or bundles of shares in the ETF that can, later on, be separated up and also sold as shares on the open market to specific financiers.

That said, the basic function of the Gold ETF is to create returns that are reflective of the present rate and performance of gold. While this standard premise holds true for all conventional gold funds, there is a selection of ways different funds are made up. Some gold funds are stood for by actual bodily gold while others are formed around gold futures contracts or various other market derivatives. Still, various other funds are based upon shares in actual gold mining companies. Despite the way the fund is created, completion goal is that the fund executes about the price of gold. Further, some funds are made up to ensure that they are leveraged to return 2x and even 3x the return expected with a “common” fund. One more notable gold fund is the Market Vectors Gold Miners ETF, additionally traded on the NYSE Arcaunder the symbol “GDX”. This Gold ETF is an instance of a fund based around the gold mining market. The fund’s performance targets are planned to comply with and also give returns based on the NYSE Gold Miners Index.

An example of a Gold ETF that is based on actual bodily steel holding is the prominent SPDR Gold Shares. SPDR Gold Shares, traded on the NYSE Arca under the symbol “GLD” is one of the biggest, most prominent Gold ETFs as well as is stood for by physical gold holdings held in trust. As recently discussed, some Gold ETFs are built around numerous by-products such as gold futures.

In addition to the prominent typical Gold funds, investors that have boosted threat resistance might want the various leveraged ETF options that look for to return 2x or even 3x what might be taken into consideration a typical return. For instance, when it comes to a Dual Gold ETF, the fund will look for to return twice the price of gold. It deserves noting that while this enhanced performance is quite attractive it likewise brings added threat. The inverse of this could quickly be understood if the rate of the steel needs to fall – the losses incurred can rapidly come to be quite considerable.

Not to fret though, dropping gold rates likewise provide a possibility in what is referred to as Short Gold ETFs or Reverse Gold ETFs constructed to make the most of down rate actions. Similar to the funds with bullish efficiency assumptions, the ETFs made to short gold can also be leveraged to ensure that they return multiples of what a typical inverted Gold ETF may produce.

As you could view, there are a wide variety of alternatives offered to Gold ETF investors. Regardless of the fund that one chooses though, there are remarkable benefits and also potential drawbacks to this type of buying gold. One evident benefit to Gold ETF funds is that they are conveniently available to specific clients by means of the significant exchanges with their individual brokerage firm accounts. Another advantage, particularly when it comes to the Dual Gold ETFs, is that there is a risk for substantial revenues. Having ETF gold is a straightforward way to remove numerous of the concerns regarding purchasing and holding actual physical gold like coins or bullion.